We’re going to talk about poo. It may not be the most fun or exciting thing to do with your pet to inspect your dog’s poop. And your dog’s poop’s size, color, and texture will tell you a lot about her body condition and overall health.
So, what should you look for in your daily dog’s poop? Let’s find out.
Dog poop conditions
When examining your dog’s poop, pay attention to the following:
Consistency – the poop should be moist and soft yet firm; it should not be too hard, dry, or runny.
Coating – the poop should not have any mucus or blood coating it.
Contents – the poop should not contain something you did not give her to eat.
Color – the poop should have a regular color depending on what it eats; the healthiest poo is always in the light to the dark brown range.
Size – the poop will depend on the breed; bigger breeds should produce bigger poop than smaller breeds; larger than normal poop could mean a bowel disorder.
Shape – the poop should be like a log or sausage; round or pebble-shaped poop could mean dehydration or constipation.
Frequency – your dog should have a bowel movement at least once a day; tracking its usual rate, too little or too much excessive constipation or diarrhea can result in constipation or diarrhea.
What does your dog’s poop mean?
Depending on each dog’s breed lifestyle, and diet, what could be considered normal poop could vary. Normally, however, the ideal poop is brown smooth, fluffy like a sausage and pooped in a long string.
Throughout her life, your dog’s poop will change its color, size, texture, consistency, and other features. Here is a guide to the changes that you might encounter.
Black or dark maroon poop
Your dog could be bleeding somewhere in the upper part of her gastrointestinal (GI) system if she poops black or dark maroon stools. The poop would have a tarry or sticky texture.
The bleeding in her small intestines and stomach may be from an ulcer. The ulcer can come from human medicines such as aspirin or steroids. This is one reason you should never give human medications to your dog unless your veterinarian told you to do so.
Other reasons for this color could be the ingestion of rat poison or heat stroke. Or she could have problems with her liver, kidney, or pancreas.
The color means the blood has been digested already. Your dog may be spontaneously losing a large amount of blood. This is a very serious issue that needs medical treatment immediately. The vet will need some specimens of stools. The pet will have to go through blood work and ultrasound to see the bowel lining condition.
Brown poop with red streaks
Normal poop with red streaks and mucus means blood is somewhere in the lower GI system of your dog like the large intestine. In the large intestine, the mucus is secreted. If the streaks are not much, then an emergency trip to the vet is not yet necessary.
But you need to monitor your dog’s next poop. If the symptoms persist, it’s time to consult your vet. The poop might turn into liquid, with or without the red streaks. Wait for one or two days to see if diarrhea lessens. If it continues, then consult your vet.
You also need to see if her behavior will change. If she becomes lethargic, loses her appetite, or starts to cough, you will need to contact your veterinarian. She may have an infection in her anal gland, a colon inflammation (also known as colitis), a tumor somewhere in her GI system, or she may have been diagnosed with parvovirus.
She could also have a cut or injury on her anus. You can check this before consulting your vet.
Brown poop with white specks or spots
White specks or spots that look like raw rice grains in your dog’s poop means she has worms. Some worms may also look like thin strands of spaghetti in the poop.
You can use deworming medicine to treat her disease. To determine which worm infects your pet, take a sample of the feces to your vet. It might be ringworms, flatworms, tapeworms, or giardia. It will help the veterinarian treat your pets with the right medicine.
Consult your vet especially if your dog is pregnant. Some de-worming medicines cannot be administered to pregnant dogs.
Gray poop can be greasy. It can also be shiny and soft. If your dog is pooping gray stool, then she might have trouble with her pancreas. This could be because the pancreas has stopped working properly. Or it could be because you are feeding your dog a high-fat diet.
The pancreas is responsible for nutrient absorption. This contains fat-digesting enzymes. The condition is called exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) if it does not work properly. It is also known as maldigestion. Collies and German Shepherd Dogs are vulnerable to this type of condition. It is possible to treat EPI. But it is a serious disease so take your dog to the vet immediately.s
This color could mean that your dog has eaten a lot of grass or leaves. Or you could be feeding her a lot of chlorophyll from vegetables or supplements.
But if you know this is not the case, your dog might have ingested the poison of rat bait. Or she might have a problem with a parasite or another GI. If you’re sure she didn’t eat something green and diarrhea has mucus coating, take her to the vet.
If you’ve been feeding your dog something orange like some pumpkin, then she might just be eliminating the digested form of her food. But if you haven’t given anything orange to your dog this color means your pet has GI issues. The food may move from the intestines to the colon too quickly.
But if your dog poops this color several times, she might be suffering from a liver or biliary disease. It is the bile from the gallbladder that changes the color of the poop into the normal brown color. Orange diarrhea is also very concerning. Bring her to the vet to find out her real condition.
Pink or Purple Poop
Bring your dog to the emergency veterinary clinic as soon as its oop is pink or purple. This poop looks like the color and texture of raspberry or blueberry jam. So it’s going to be bloody and watery. Your dog will release a lot of gas.
Your dog might be having internal bleeding somewhere in her GI system. This condition is called hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HE). It is common, especially among smaller breeds. But it can be fatal, so immediate medical attention is needed.
If you are feeding your dog a raw food diet, then her poop will be mostly white and will have a chalky texture. The stool would usually be in small clumps.
That kind of poop means your dog gets too much calcium in her diet from the raw bones and meat. You may want to look at the food ingredients you feed her to see how many minerals she contains.
She could also be suffering from an obstruction in her bile ducts. This could be due to antibiotics or other medications she needs to take.
Monitor her next two bowel movements. If the color does not change, then consult your vet.
Yellow or light tan poop
Like other unnatural colors, mustard-yellow poop covered with mucus can cause your dog’s stomach to be upset. You might have suddenly changed the diet of your pet. So it may be that her stomach responds to the new food and has a food intolerance. Make sure you incorporate new food very slowly into your dog’s diet to prevent this disease. New food does not just mean from kibble to wet or from wet to raw. It should also be done slowly to add new ingredients such as pumpkin or to switch the kibble brand.
But, just like an orange poop, check if your dog keeps pooping yellow She may have liver, pancreatic, and gallbladder disorders. In general, a gallbladder or liver condition may result in a bright yellow stool. Consult your vet for some diagnostic tests if the color remains the same after two bowel movements.
|Black/dark maroon||Tarry or sticky texture||Blood due to internal bleeding has been digested||Bring your dog to the vet immediately|
|Brown with red streaks||Covered in mucus; might worsen into diarrhea||Gastrointestinal (GI) problems, infection in the anal gland, inflamed colon, tumor, or parvovirus||Monitor for one or two days; consult your vet if symptoms persist or your dog’s behavior changes|
|Brown with white specks/spots||Normal but with white spots||Worm infection||Consult vet for de-worming treatment|
|Gray||Greasy, shiny, soft||Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)||Consult vet for immediate treatment|
|Green||Normal with a green tint, or green covered in mucus||Grass, leaves or chlorophyll; poison, parasite, or GI issue||If your dog loves to eat leaves, grass or vegetables, then no need to worry; if she does not eat those things, bring her to the vet|
|Orange||Normal with an orange color, or runny||GI problems, particularly the liver or gallbladder||Bring to the vet for diagnostic tests|
|Pink/Purple||Raspberry or blueberry color and consistency||Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HE)||Bring to the emergency vet clinic|
|White||Chalky and clumpy||Too much calcium; or obstructed bile duct||Monitor and bring to the vet if the color does not go back to normal|
|Yellow/light tan||Coated with mucus||Food intolerance; or problems with liver, pancreas, or gallbladder||Consult your vet for diagnostic tests|
Just like the saying goes, you are what you eat. Whatever you feed your pet will eventually come out. So to make sure that her poop will be healthy, remember the following:
Give her high-quality, nutritious food.
Don’t feed her human food.
Consider her food allergies and tummy sensitivities.
All the members of your family (especially the children) should know what to feed and not to feed your dog.
Don’t let your dog eat garbage.
Keep your yard free of plants that are bad for your dog.
Keep chemicals and medicines out of your dog’s reach.
Promote a healthy digestive system by giving your dog probiotics. Try Probiotic Miracle by Nusentia. It has six strains of good bacteria and helps relieve your dog’s digestive problems like diarrhea or constipation.
Your dog will not be able to tell you if she is not feeling well. As a responsible owner, it is one of your duties to monitor any changes in your dog’s behavior and body functions.
Generally speaking, when you notice something unusual about the feces of your dog then immediately bring it to the vet. Make sure to bring your dog’s stool fresh specimen. The specimen will preferably be one hour old or less. Share as much knowledge as you can with your veterinarian. Don’t worry about the details being very descriptive. Your feedback will make it easy for your vet to choose which tests should be carried out. This must help the vet to give your pet the proper treatment.