Grooming Tips: Brushing Your Dog’s Coat (Why, Tools & How To?)

It is essential to groom your dog’s coat. Specifically, brushing your dog’s hair not only provides your dog a shiny and tidy fur, but it also improves her general health. After all, her coat is the protection of her skin and first-line defense against dirt, bacteria, and diseases.

This article will address questions like how to brush the coat of your dog, what to use to cover the coat of your dog, and how to brush the coat of your dog. You will also discover tips on how your dog’s coat can be groomed efficiently.

Why should you brush your dog’s coat?

1. Hygiene

If your dog loves playing outdoors, chances are dirt will be trapped in her coat. Brushing will remove the grime and other objects that might clog your dog’s skin or mat her fur.

Matted fur is something you and your dog do not want. Matted fur will trap more dirt in the body of your dog, which may result in diseases, very dry skin, or hot spots. It can also be a painful experience for your dog brushing matted fur. Have you ever yanked a handful of your hair? Painful, right? You wouldn’t want a similar experience for your dog.

2. Skin check and help

Brushing enables you to verify your dog’s skin’s health. You can spot if your dog has fleas, ticks, cuts, hot spots, rashes, dry skin, or bruises hidden underneath all that fur. Then you can continue to treat the disease of your dog. You can also spot and prevent these pests or skin conditions from occurring.

Brushing also helps distribute the natural oils of your dog’s hair, which usually leads to better skin and a shinier coat.

Dogs with thick fur, especially those with undercoats, need help to stay cool. Brushing allows air to flow more freely on the skin.

Brushing can also massage your dog’s body. This allowed for better blood circulation and increased blood flow, which will promote relaxation and overall wellbeing.

3. Remove loose fur and assist in shedding

Dogs shed old hair to allow new hair to grow. This usually happens when seasons change from hot to cold or vice versa. However, some dogs shed all year round.

This leaves owners with tufts of fur piled up on the sofa, drifting across the floor, or staying on your clothes.

Brushing will help your dog change her coat faster, scratch itchy areas where new hair is growing, remove loose hair trapped in undercoats, and stop your dog from shedding everywhere.

4. Bonding

Brushing is a shared-activity, a relaxing experience for both of you. This can deepen the connection that you share with your dog, because you can touch your dog, animal and cuddle your dog for a few minutes. Is there any other reason that is more important than this?

What should you use to brush your dog’s coat? (dog grooming tools)

There are a lot of tools you can use to brush your dog’s coat. Many of these have specific uses. Some are for specific types of coats. Let’s look at some basic tools, their uses, and some recommended brands.

1. Slicker brush – the most common and versatile brush, which can be used for various types of coats; usually has a rectangular head with wire bristles; can be used even for hard-to-brush areas like faces, tails, toes, and legs.

Try the Petpawjoy Slicker Brush. This brush can be used for short and long coats. It can groom even undercoats. You can also use it on other pets like cats, guinea pigs, and rabbits.

Another recommendation is Hertzko Self Cleaning Slicker Brush. It has an anti-slip grip for easy holding of the tool. This tool is also easy to wash apart from being flexible. Hold the brush over the bin, press the button retracting the bristles, and the fur falls within the trash can.

2. Bristle brush – contains either natural, synthetic, or rubber bristles on a flat base; used for short coats.

Greenbone All Natural Bamboo Pet Grooming Brushes are made of natural materials. They have handles that are easy to grip and soft bristles. Greenbone encourages eco-sustainable initiatives. So, if you’re using this tool, you’re not just pleased with your dog, you’re also happy with Mother Earth.

3. Pin-wire brush – looks like a bristle brush, but has metal or wood pins as the bristles.

The 2-in-1 Oster Combo Brush is on one side a bristle brush and on the other a pin-wire brush. You can use one side to remove loose hair and one side to remove dander for a deeper brush. For easier grip, it has a ridged handle.

4. Rake – regular rakes have rounded pins that help shed old top coats while undercoat rakes have small and sharp curved blades that remove old undercoat hair.

GoPets Dematting Combs has two sides so it can be used both for small and large dogs. It has an ergonomic design for easy use and comes with a lifetime warranty.

5. Wide-toothed and fine-toothed combs – generally have metal or plastic teeth; wide-toothed types are long-hair or undercoat dogs, while fine-toothed ones are short-hair dogs.

Andis Pet Steel Comb has both wide teeth and fine teeth. You can use it for dry or wet hair.

6. Flea comb – has very fine teeth that can trap fleas and dirt hiding in your dog’s fur.

Hartz Groomer’s Best Grooming Tools are specially designed to remove fleas and flea eggs aside from dirt. It can be used for various types of coats.

7. Blade-on-a-handle comb – has very narrow metal teeth of varying sizes that trap loose fur and helps shed old hair.

One of the most recommended brands for this type of tool is the Furminator DeShedding Tool for Dogs. It comes in variable sizes, making it possible to groom even the thickest undercoats. It also has a one-click cleaning method after use.

8. Curry comb – has rubber or metal bristles that help distribute natural oils from your dog’s fur to her skin; good to use as a massager.

Bodhi Dog Bath Brush is a great help, especially during bath times. It is made from rubber and has a handle that can easily slip on your hand. 

9. Grooming glove – fur sticks to this unique glove’s rubber or silicone tips; shed hair can be readily removed directly from the glove to the bin; can be used on hard-to-brush regions such as tails; doubles as a massager.

Delomo Pet Grooming and Deshedding Gloves can be used for various types of coats. You get both left and right gloves with adjustable wrist straps per pack.

How should you brush your dog’s coat?

The tools to use and the frequency of brushing all depend on the type of coat your dog has.

  • 1. With slicker brushes or wide-toothed combs, a short and coarse or wiry coat can be brushed twice a week. Brush or comb from the skin outward layer by layer following the hair development direction. Airedales, Schnauzers, and Terriers are examples of dogs with this type of coat.
  • 2. Short coats with no undercoats can be brushed once a week using bristle brushes or grooming gloves. Brush against the hair growth direction to remove loose hair. Then the hair growth brushes to smoothen the coat back and spread natural hair oils. Boxers, Dobermans, and Great Danes are examples of dogs with this type of coat.
  • 3. Short and coarse coats with soft undercoats can usually be brushed twice a week, but during the shedding season, they should be brushed more. Use Furminators, slicker brushes, pin-wire brushes, curry combs, and metal combs. Brush the coat first before using metal combs. Labrador Retrievers, Rottweilers, and Shiba Inus are examples of dogs with this type of coat.
  • 4. Long and silky coats with no undercoats can be brushed almost every day using slicker brushes or fine-tooth combs. To prevent tangling the long hair, always brush in the direction of hair development. Maltese and Yorkshire Terriers are examples of dogs with this type of coat.
  • 5. Long but coarse coats with undercoats can be brushed almost every day using bristle brushes, pin-wire brushes, slicker brushes, and fine-tooth combs. Use the slicker brush to remove dirt then use the other tools to groom the entire coat. Always brush according to hair growth. Examples of dogs with this type of coat are Lhasa Apsos and Shih Tzus.
  • 6. Long coats with thick undercoats can be brushed twice or thrice a week using slicker brushes, rakes, or wide-tooth combs. Brush from the skin and work outward to remove dirt. Chow Chows, Samoyeds and Siberian Huskies are examples of dogs with this type of coat
  • 7. Curly coats can be brushed twice a week using slicker brushes and wide-tooth combs This coat form is susceptible to matting. Brush first then comb. Try working on small parts so that the curls can be managed. The Irish Water Spaniels and Poodles are examples of dogs with this type of coat.
  • 8. Hairless breeds still have coats that need to be groomed To remove dirt or dander and distribute natural oils on the skin, use bristle brushes or grooming gloves. The Chinese Crested Dog is an example of a dog with this type of coat.

Final Tips

  • Try to brush the coat of your dog after swimming or a bath it gets wet. While some tools can be used on wet fur, drying the fur carefully and then brushing it properly is still best.
  • Brush your dog’s coat before you bathe her so that you can get rid of dirt and matted hair.
  • Consult your vet if you find bumps, hot spots, or other suspicious growths on your dog’s skin when you brush her coat.
  • Be gentle. As discussed above, the fur of your dog could easily matt, and if matted hair is pulled and it is painful. Slowly brush, so you don’t do that. Also, avoid pressing your tool too hard on the skin because with your tool you might scratch the dog.
  • Try to invest in a set of good quality tools so that each grooming session will be a fun experience for you and your dog.
  • Reward her for being patient after brushing the coat of your dog. Tell her that she is a nice girl and offer her treats to end an excellent workout.
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